Vol. No: 15:07 Issue: 7/1/2008
|Christopher Kent, Senior Editor|
Cutting-edge work with a new nanoparticle being conducted in
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Nanoceria=The Fountain of Youth?
Inhibition of reactive oxygen species and protection of mammalian cells
Methods and compositions useful for neuronal protection in retinal cells in vitro and the protection of mammalian cells from reactive oxygen species in vivo are provided. Ultrafine nano-size cerium oxide particles, less than 10 nanometers in diameter, have been provided to decrease reactive oxygen species (ROS) in retina tissue that generates large amounts of ROS. These reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in light-induced retina degeneration and age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Cerium oxide nanoparticles have been used to promote the lifespan of retinal neurons and protect the neurons from apoptosis induced by hydrogen peroxide in vitro and in vivo. The neuronal protection in retinal cells is achieved by decreasing generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). Thus, cerium oxide particles are used to promote the longevity of retinal neurons in vitro and mammalian cells in vivo.
1. A method for promoting longevity of retinal neurons comprising the steps of: preparing ultra-fine particles of at least one of CeO.sub.2 and Ce.sub.2O.sub.3 in concentration of approximately 3 nanomolar (nM) to approximately 50 nanomolar (nM) and administering said ultra-fine particles to the eye by direct injection or topically to protect the mammalian body system from damage to any tissue due to reactive oxygen species (ROS).